Digital vs. Traditional Storyboards: Pros and Cons

Jan 24, 2024 / Industry Insights / FOTW


The magic of a well-written TV advert often begins with a storyboard, a visual representation of scenes or concepts that guide creators from the initial idea to the final product. This crucial planning phase has witnessed a significant evolution with the advent of digital technology, introducing an ongoing debate about digital versus traditional storyboards. Storyboarding is an essential tool in many fields, like advertising, film, and animation, where it helps to establish a shared vision for the project’s narrative progression and acts as a foundation for visual storytelling.

Traditionally, storyboarding involved hand-drawn sketches pinned to a board, allowing directors and teams to envisage scenes and sequences. However, the digital age has ushered in software and tools that revolutionise this process, offering new capabilities and efficiencies. This evolution from paper and pencil to pixels and screens marks a pivotal shift in how professionals in creative fields approach the visualisation and planning of their projects.

This article explores this shift, comparing and contrasting digital and traditional storyboarding methods. We’ll explore the advantages and disadvantages of each approach, helping you understand which method might best suit your creative process, project requirements, and team dynamics.


Understanding Traditional Storyboarding

Traditional storyboarding involves manually creating storyboard panels, often sketched with pencils or inked with markers on paper. Each panel represents a key scene or sequence, providing a visual layout of the narrative. This hands-on method allows creators to physically manipulate and organise their ideas, which they say allows them to have a more deeply personal and tactile connection with the project.

Let’s take a closer look at the unique aspects of traditional storyboarding:


The Process

Crafting a traditional storyboard starts with a blank canvas, typically a piece of paper or a specialised storyboard template. Artists sketch the scenes, sometimes starting with rough shapes before adding details and annotations. 

This approach demands a certain level of artistic skill but offers immense freedom in expressing ideas. The storyboard artist, often in close collaboration with the director or creative team, sequentially arranges the panels, forming a visual narrative that guides the production process.


Key Features

Traditional storyboarding is characterised by its hands-on approach, involving the use of tangible materials:

  • Tactile Nature: The physical interaction with materials like paper, pencils, and markers.
  • Material Use: Reliance on traditional artistic tools for sketching and colouring.
  • Physical Organisation: Ability to manually arrange and rearrange storyboard panels.


Advantages of Traditional Storyboarding

Despite technological advances, traditional storyboarding maintains its relevance due to several inherent strengths:

  • Simplicity and Accessibility: Requires minimal tools, making it easy to start and ideal for brainstorming.
  • Tangible Presentation: Offers a clear, physical presentation of a narrative, beneficial during in-person meetings.
  • Creative Intimacy: Fosters a closer connection to the work through physical interaction with the storyboard.



While traditional storyboarding has its merits, it also faces certain challenges that can impact efficiency and collaboration:

  • Time-consuming Edits: Making changes often requires redrawing panels, which can slow the iteration process.
  • Lack of Collaborative Tools: Traditional methods do not support real-time sharing or collaboration, hindering communication with remote team members.
  • Limited Flexibility: Physical storyboards can be cumbersome to transport and difficult to replicate, limiting flexibility in sharing and presenting ideas.


What Is Digital Storyboarding?

Digital storyboarding integrates technology into the traditional storyboard process. This method uses software and digital tools to create and manipulate storyboard panels on computers or tablets. Digital storyboarding transforms how artists visualise and share their narratives, leveraging technological advancements to enhance creativity and efficiency.

So, what makes digital storyboarding stand out? Let’s take a look:


The Process

The process begins with choosing the right software, which provides a variety of tools and features to create detailed and dynamic storyboards. Artists typically use digital pens or touch screens to draw directly into the software, crafting scenes with precision and flexibility. Specialist software allows for easy arrangement and adjustment of panels, enabling a fluid and iterative creative process.


Key Features

Digital storyboarding introduces a range of features that redefine the creation and sharing of visual narratives:

  • Software Use: Utilisation of specialised storyboard software, offering a wide array of drawing and editing tools.
  • Digital Tools: Access to digital pens, touch screens, and other input methods for precise sketching and detailing.
  • Technological Advancements: Integration of features like layering, 3D models, and animation previews to enrich the storytelling process.


Advantages of Digital Storyboarding

The transition to digital storyboarding brings a multitude of benefits, enhancing the creative process with modern technology:

  • Ease of Editing: Offers the ability to quickly make changes, undo actions, and experiment with different layouts without the need to redraw panels.
  • Advanced Tools for Precision: Provides access to sophisticated drawing and editing tools, ensuring high precision and consistency in visuals.
  • Cloud-Based Collaboration: Facilitates real-time sharing and collaboration on storyboard projects, allowing teams to work together seamlessly, irrespective of their location.



Despite its advantages, digital storyboarding presents certain challenges that require consideration:

  • Need for Technical Skills: Demands a certain level of proficiency with the software and digital tools, which can present a learning curve for some people.
  • Reliance on Technology: Depends on the availability of digital devices and software, making the process vulnerable to technical issues or lack of access to the necessary equipment.


The Use of AI in Digital Storyboarding

The incorporation of Artificial Intelligence (AI) in digital storyboarding marks a significant evolution in the realm of visual storytelling. AI tools help accelerate the storyboard creation process, enabling artists to generate complex scenes and elements swiftly. This efficiency not only speeds up the individual creation process but also enhances the overall workflow of storyboard projects.

However, while AI introduces remarkable capabilities, it also brings forth certain limitations and concerns that warrant careful consideration:

  • Interpretation Limits: AI may not fully capture an artist’s nuanced vision, occasionally leading to discrepancies between the generated images and the intended narrative or emotional tone. This necessitates a blend of AI-generated content and human oversight for accuracy.
  • Copyright Concerns: Utilising AI in storyboarding raises potential issues regarding the originality and ownership of generated content. It’s essential for creators to be aware of copyright laws and ensure that AI tools used are compliant and do not infringe on the rights of others.


Cost Implications of Traditional Storyboarding vs Digital Storyboarding

Deciding between traditional and digital storyboarding not only influences the creative process but can also impact the financial aspect of a project. It’s important to understand the costs associated with each method to make an informed decision that aligns with your budgetary constraints and project objectives. 

In this section, we’ll go over the upfront and ongoing costs of storyboarding, both digitally and traditionally.


Financial Aspects of Digital Storyboarding

Digital storyboarding definitely introduces a modern approach to visualising narratives, but it comes with its own set of financial considerations, mainly centred around the technology and software involved.


Software Licenses

While digital storyboarding offers advanced features, these often come at a price through subscriptions or one-time purchases, especially for professional-grade tools. Additionally, the cost can vary widely, from affordable solutions for individuals or small teams to more substantial investments for enterprise-level software.


Hardware Investments

Essential devices such as computers, drawing tablets, and styluses, though they can be costly upfront, are the backbone of the digital storyboarding process. This investment not only ensures quality and efficiency in your work but also potentially adds value to your asset pool.


Maintenance and Upgrades

Staying current with software updates or hardware upgrades can incur additional costs, ensuring compatibility and access to the latest features. Regular investment in maintenance ensures your setup remains reliable and capable of supporting your creative endeavours.


Costs Associated with Traditional Storyboarding

Traditional storyboarding, known for its hands-on and tactile nature, involves costs predominantly related to the physical materials required for creating storyboards.


Physical Materials

The need for materials like paper, pencils, and markers means costs can add up, particularly for projects with extensive or detailed storyboards. Opting for high-quality materials can significantly enhance the visual appeal and clarity of your storyboards, although it may also increase the costs.


Storage and Handling

Ensuring the longevity and integrity of physical storyboards may require additional expenditure on proper storage solutions or conditions. Careful handling and storage not only protect your work from physical damage but also maintain its value as a reference and presentation tool.


Which Method Is More Cost Effective?

When comparing traditional and digital storyboarding, it’s crucial to consider the specific needs of your project, the scale of your operations, and long-term financial impacts. Carefully weighing these factors against your project’s unique requirements and budgetary constraints will guide you to a cost-effective decision, ensuring your storyboarding method not only fuels your creative vision but also aligns with your financial planning.

With that in mind, consider the following:


1. Size of Project

For individual artists or smaller projects, the lower upfront costs of traditional storyboarding can be more manageable, allowing for a cost-effective start. This approach also offers the simplicity and immediacy of sketching ideas without the need for technical expertise or digital tools.

However, the initial investment in digital storyboarding can be justified by the efficiencies and collaborative capabilities it offers for larger teams or complex projects. Enhanced communication, streamlined revisions, and the ability to share work seamlessly can significantly reduce time and resource expenditure in the long run.


2. Long-Term Considerations

While digital storyboarding may require higher upfront costs, the long-term benefits of asset reusability, ease of updates, and remote collaboration can lead to substantial savings. Conversely, the recurring costs for materials and the need for physical space in traditional storyboarding can become significant over time, especially for ongoing or large-scale projects.


Flexibility and Collaboration Opportunities of Traditional vs Digital Storyboarding

When selecting a storyboarding approach, consider not only the cost and creative aspects but also the flexibility and collaboration opportunities each method offers. These factors play a crucial role in determining how well a project adapts to changes and facilitates teamwork, especially in today’s fast-paced and often remote work environments.



The ability to adapt and make changes efficiently is vital in any creative project. Here’s how traditional and digital storyboarding compare in terms of flexibility:


Traditional Storyboarding

  • Offers a straightforward approach to sketching and conceptualising ideas, ideal for initial brainstorming sessions.
  • Changes, however, often require redrawing or physically replacing panels, which can be time-consuming and may limit rapid iteration.
  • The tangible nature of traditional storyboards makes them less adaptable to sudden shifts in narrative or visual style, as significant alterations might necessitate starting from scratch.


Digital Storyboarding

  • Provides unparalleled flexibility with features like drag-and-drop rearrangement, easy duplication, and digital editing tools that allow for swift alterations.
  • Enables quick adaptation to project changes, whether it’s tweaking a scene or overhauling the entire storyboard, without the need to redraw panels.
  • Supports a dynamic creative process, accommodating quick iterations, and allowing for experimentation with different visual styles or narrative paths without additional resource expenditure.



Nowadays, collaboration, especially when physically separated, is essential in the creative industry. Digital and traditional storyboarding offer contrasting environments for teamwork:


Digital Storyboarding

  • Facilitates seamless collaboration, allowing team members to work on the same storyboard simultaneously, regardless of their physical location.
  • Enhances communication through features like commenting, version control, and real-time updates, ensuring all team members stay aligned on the project’s progress.
  • Ideal for projects involving remote teams or requiring input from multiple stakeholders, as it offers a centralised platform for sharing, reviewing, and editing storyboards.


Traditional Storyboarding

  • Offers a more hands-on, personal collaboration experience, well-suited for teams that work closely in the same physical space.
  • Encourages in-person discussions and brainstorming sessions, where the tangible nature of the storyboard can stimulate creativity and a shared understanding of the project.
  • May pose challenges for remote collaboration, as sharing updates typically involves physical meetings or sending digital copies of the storyboard, which lacks the immediacy and interactivity of digital tools.


The Environmental Impact of Traditional Storyboarding and Digital Storyboarding

In today’s world, the environmental impact of our choices, including in the realm of creative processes, holds significant importance. Both traditional and digital storyboarding have distinct environmental footprints, and understanding these can help you make a more eco-conscious decision that aligns with your project’s values and goals.

Being mindful of the environmental impact of your chosen storyboarding method and incorporating sustainable practices into your workflow can significantly reduce your project’s ecological footprint. This not only helps protect the environment but also positions your project as a responsible and forward-thinking endeavour in today’s eco-conscious landscape.

In this section, we’ll take a look at the impacts both storyboarding methods have on the environment, and provide some practical tips to ensure your storyboarding is more sustainable.


Environmental Considerations of Each Method

Your choice between traditional and digital storyboarding not only influences your creative process but also has broader implications for the environment. Each method carries its own set of ecological considerations:


Traditional Storyboarding

  • Paper Waste: Traditional storyboarding often involves substantial use of paper, leading to waste, especially during extensive projects with multiple iterations.
  • Art Supplies: The production and disposal of art supplies like pencils, markers, and paints can contribute to environmental harm, depending on the materials and chemicals used.


Digital Storyboarding

  • Energy Consumption: Digital storyboarding requires electronic devices and servers, which consume electricity, contributing to your project’s carbon footprint.
  • Electronic Waste: The lifecycle of digital devices involves not just the energy used during operation but also the environmental impact of their production and disposal.


Sustainable Practices for Traditional Storyboarding

Adopting sustainable practices can significantly mitigate the environmental impact of your storyboarding process:

  1. Reduce Paper Use: Use both sides of storyboard sheets or employ reusable boards to sketch preliminary ideas before finalising them on paper.
  2. Recycle and Reuse: Choose recycled paper for storyboards and recycle your used materials. Also, consider reusing materials whenever possible.


Sustainable Practices for Digital Storyboarding

While inherently involving technology, certain practices can make digital storyboarding more environmentally friendly:

  1. Energy-efficient Devices: Opt for devices with high energy efficiency ratings and implement energy-saving settings to minimise power consumption.
  2. Proper Disposal and Recycling: Ensure the responsible disposal or recycling of old electronic devices, or consider purchasing refurbished equipment to extend the lifecycle of electronic products.


Blending Traditional and Digital Storyboards, the FOTW Way

Our own digital storyboard made for Sky Bingo

At Fall Off The Wall, we recognise the unique strengths of both traditional and digital storyboarding methods and have seamlessly integrated them into our creative process. Our creative process begins with traditional storyboarding, where our team’s collective imagination takes shape through spontaneous, rough sketches. This hands-on approach fosters an environment of collaboration and creativity, allowing every team member to contribute and visualise the initial concepts. Transitioning from these tactile beginnings, we’ll then polish our ideas digitally.

In our creative process, we have fused the spontaneity and teamwork of classic storyboarding with the accuracy and flexibility of modern digital tools. Our clients always receive polished, digital storyboards that clearly communicate our vision, and the digital medium facilitates real-time collaboration and swift revisions based on client input. As a result, we can meet our clients’ expectations with projects that are both innovative and tailored to their needs.

Want to see these in action? Check out our case study for MrQ and our work with Sky Mobile.


Final Thoughts

Throughout this discussion on digital versus traditional storyboards, we’ve looked into the various facets of each method, uncovering their unique advantages, challenges, and nuances in cost, flexibility, collaboration, and environmental impact. We hope we’ve equipped you with a comprehensive understanding, allowing you to make an informed decision that aligns with your project’s creative, financial, and ecological considerations.

Embracing the right storyboarding approach can significantly enhance your creative process, fostering a more collaborative, efficient, and environmentally conscious workflow. Whether you lean towards the tactile authenticity of traditional storyboarding or the dynamic and collaborative nature of digital methods, remember that your choice paves the way for your project’s success and reflects your commitment to adapting to any strides made in the world of visual storytelling.